One of my WP/BP projects experiences a perpetual problem, where every few weeks a handful of users is demoted on one of their blogs – they go mysteriously from Editor to Subscriber, or something like that. This sort of thing is a beast to troubleshoot, because it’s not readily reproducible.
So I wrote a small utility plugin that will help site administrators keep tabs on every role-change through the entire installation. Put the plugin into mu-plugins and the run the installation script, and it’ll fire up every time a user’s `wp_x_capabilities` meta key changes, and record some helpful information about it in a custom database table (user id, logged in user id, blog id, BP group id, stuff like that).
For more on the plugin, and to download it, visit its page on Github.